Long term care solutions can be found through community based services, home health care, assisted living facilities, Continued Care Retirement Communities (CCRC), adult group homes and nursing homes. Medicare does not pay for long term care options. In addition, Medicare does not cover custodial care that helps individuals with assistance to daily activities like bathing, dressing or using the restroom. Assistance with daily living can be provided by non-medical home care providers such as homemaker/companion services, nurse registries and home health care agencies at an hourly rate. Home Health Care Agencies generally provided short term intermittent care and is not a long term care solution. Physicians prescribe home health to prevent hospitalization and to monitor a patient for a short period. rder ho Most health care organizations require a minimum of four hours per visit. Custodial care can often be found in a nursing home when it is no longer safe for a resident to live in a home environment or funds are limited to hire a personal care professionals.
Coordinating Care Solutions does not have to be difficult if you understand available options.
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Read more related topics to Long Term Care:
Assisted Living Care Services
Alzheimer's Dementia Care
Home Health Care Services
Medicaid and Nursing Homes
Long Term Care Insurances
Veteran's Aid and Attendance
Paying for Long Term Care
Who Pays For Long-Term Care?
People pay for long-term care in a variety of ways. These include: using the personal resources of individuals or their families, long-term care insurance, and some assistance from Medicaid for those who qualify.
Medicare supplement insurance, and the health insurance you may have at work usually will not pay for long-term care.
Individual Personal Resources
Individuals and their families generally pay for part or all of the costs of
long-term care from their own funds. Many use savings and investments.
Some people sell assets, such as their homes, to pay for their long-term
Medicare’s skilled nursing facility (SNF) benefit does not cover most nursing
home care.4 Medicare will pay the cost of some skilled care in an approved
nursing home or in your home, but only in specific situations. The SNF
benefit only covers you if a medical professional says you need daily skilled
care after you have been in the hospital for at least three days and you are
receiving that care in a nursing home that is a Medicare-certified skilled nursing facility. While Medicare may cover up to 100 days of skilled nursing home care per benefit period when these conditions are met, after 20 days beneficiaries must pay a coinsurance fee. In 2008, that coinsurance was $128 per day.5 While Medicare may pay for nursing home care sometimes, it doesn’t cover the costs of care in assisted living facilities.
While many people would like to receive care in their own homes, Medicare does not cover homemaker services. In addition, Medicare doesn’t pay for home health aides to give you personal care unless you are
homebound and are also getting skilled care, such as nursing or therapy. The personal care must also relate to the treatment of an illness or injury, and you can only get a limited amount of care in any week.
You should not rely on Medicare to pay for your long-term care needs.
Medicare Supplement Insurance
Medicare supplement insurance is private insurance that helps pay for some of the gaps in Medicare coverage, such as hospital deductibles and excess physician charges above what Medicare approves. Medicare supplement
policies do not cover long-term care costs. However, four Medicare
supplement policies—Plans D, G, I and J—do pay up to $1,600 per year6 for services to people recovering at home from an illness, injury or surgery.
The benefit will pay for short-term, at-home help with activities of daily
living. You must qualify for Medicare-covered home health services before this Medicare supplement benefit is available.
Medicaid is the government-funded program that pays nursing home care
only for individuals who are low income and who have spent most of their
assets. Medicaid pays for nearly half of all nursing home care on an
aggregate basis, but many people who need long-term care never qualify
for Medicaid assistance. Medicaid also pays for some home- and
community-based services. To get Medicaid help, you must meet federal
and state guidelines for income and assets. Many people start paying for
nursing home care out of their own funds and “spend down” their income
until they are eligible for Medicaid. Medicaid may then pay part or all of
their nursing home costs. You may have to use up most of your assets on
your health care before Medicaid is able to help. Some assets and income
can be protected for a spouse who remains at home. In addition, some of
your assets may be protected if you have long-term care insurance
approved under one of the state long-term care insurance partnership
State laws differ about how much money and assets you can keep and be eligible for Medicaid. (Some assets, such as your home, may not count
when deciding if you are eligible for Medicaid.) However, federal law
requires your state to recover from your estate the costs of the Medicaid paid benefits you receive. Contact your state Medicaid office, office on aging or department of social services to learn about the rules in your state. The insurance counseling program in your state also may have some Medicaid information.
Long-Term Care Insurance
Long-term care insurance is one other way you may pay for long-term care.
This type of insurance will pay or reimburse you for some or all of your
long-term care. It was introduced in the 1980s as nursing home insurance
but has changed a lot and now covers much more than nursing home care.
The rest of this Shopper’s Guide will give you information on long-term care
You should know that a federal law, the Health Insurance Portability
and Accountability Act of 1996, or HIPAA, gives some federal income tax advantages to people who buy certain long-term care insurance policies.
These policies are called Tax-Qualified Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts, or simply Qualified Contracts. There may be other tax advantages in your state. You should check with your state insurance department or insurance
counseling program for information about tax-qualified policies.
Check with your tax advisor to find out if the tax advantages make sense for you.
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Buying Long Term Care Insurance
When should I consider buying Long Term Care Insurance?
You should CONSIDER buying Long-Term Care Insurance if:
• You have significant assets and income.
• You want to protect some of your assets and income.
• You can pay premiums, including possible premium increases,
without financial difficulty.
• You want to stay independent of the support of others.
• You want to have the flexibility of choosing care in the setting
you prefer or will be most comfortable in.
If, after careful consideration, you decide that long-term care insurance is right for you, check out the company and the agent, if one is involved,
before you buy a policy. Insurance companies and agents must be licensed in your state to sell long-term care insurance.
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